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Agriculture Schemes by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Agriculture Schemes by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
SCHEMES COVERED

1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
2. Soil Health Card Scheme
3. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
4. Electronic National Agriculture Market (e-NAM)
5. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
6. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
7. National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)
8. Small Farmer’s Agriculture-Business Consortium (SFAC)
9. Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK)
10. Mera Gaon – Mera Gaurav
11. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
12. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Unnat Krishi Shiksha Scheme
13. Rashtriya Gokul Mission
14. Pashudhan Sanjivani
15. E- Pashudhan Haat Portal



1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Background :

PMFBY is in line with One Nation – One Scheme theme.
It is a replacement of National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and modified NAIS (MNAIS).
Objectives :

To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases.
To stabilise the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming.
To encourage farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices.
To ensure flow of credit to the agriculture sector.
Key features :

Uniform premium to be paid:
o 2% for all Kharif crops
o 1.5% for all Rabi crops.
o 5% for annual commercial and horticultural crops,.
o The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low and balance premium will be paid by the Government to provide full insured amount to the farmers against crop loss on account of natural calamities.
There is no upper limit on Government subsidy. Even if balance premium is 90%, it will be borne by the Government.
Earlier, there was a provision of capping the premium rate which resulted in low claims being paid to farmers. This capping was done to limit Government outgo on the premium subsidy. This capping has now been removed and farmers will get claim against full sum insured without any reduction.
The use of technology will be encouraged to a great extent. Smart phones will be used to capture and upload data of crop cutting to reduce the delays in claim payment to farmers. Remote sensing will be used to reduce the number of crop cutting experiments.
There will be exemption from Service Tax liability of all the services involved in the implementation of the scheme. It is estimated that the new scheme will ensure about 75-80 percent of subsidy for the farmers in insurance premium.
Risks covered :

Yield Losses (standing crops, on notified area basis). Comprehensive risk insurance is provided to cover yield losses due to non-preventable risks, such as Natural Fire and Lightning, Storm,
Hailstorm, Cyclone, Typhoon, Tempest, Hurricane, Tornado. Risks due to Flood, Inundation and Landslide, Drought, Dry spells, Pests/ Diseases also will be covered.
In cases where majority of the insured farmers of a notified area, having intent to sow/plant and incurred expenditure for the purpose, are prevented from sowing/planting the insured crop due to adverse weather conditions, shall be eligible for indemnity claims upto a maximum of 25 percent of the sum-insured.
In post-harvest losses, coverage will be available up to a maximum period of 14 days from harvesting for those crops which are kept in “cut & spread” condition to dry in the field.
For certain localised problems, Loss / damage resulting from occurrence of identified localised risks like hailstorm, landslide, and Inundation affecting isolated farms in the notified area would also be covered.
2. Soil Health Card Scheme

 Soil Health Card Scheme was launched in 2015.

Objective & Key features :

Plans is to issue soil cards to farmers which will carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilisers required for the individual farms to help farmers to improve productivity through judicious use of inputs.
All soil samples are to be tested in various soil testing labs across the country. Thereafter the experts will analyse the strength and weaknesses (micro-nutrients deficiency) of the soil and suggest measures to deal with it.
3. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

Objective : PKVY, an initiative to promote organic farming in the country, was launched in 2015.

Key features :

The aim is to form 10,000 clusters over the next 3 years and bring about 5 lakh acres of agricultural area under organic farming.
Farmers will be encouraged to form groups or clusters and take to organic farming methods over large areas in the country.
To avail the scheme, each cluster or group must have 50 farmers willing to take up organic farming under the PKVY and possess a total area of at least 50 acres.
Each farmer enrolling in the scheme will be provided INR 20,000 per acre by the government spread over three years’ time. This fund can be utilised for obtaining organic seed, harvesting of the crops, and transporting the produce to the local markets.
The government also intends to cover the certification costs and promote organic farming through the use of traditional resources. Organic food, thus produced will be linked with modern marketing tools and local markets.
The north eastern states of India shall be in special focus and the government shall step up efforts to connect the organic produce in these parts with both domestic and export markets.
4. Electronic National Agriculture Market (e-NAM)

What? :

A Pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
The NAM Portal provides a single window service for all APMC related information and services. This includes commodity arrivals & prices, buy & sell trade offers, provision to respond to trade offers, among other services.
Objective & Key features :

A national e-market platform for transparent sale transactions and price discovery initially in regulated markets.
Liberal licensing of traders / buyers and commission agents by State authorities without any precondition of physical presence or possession of shop /premises in the market yard.
One license for a trader valid across all markets in the State.
Single point levy of market fees, i.e. on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
Provision of Soil Testing Laboratories in/ or near the selected mandi to facilitate visiting farmers to access this facility in the mandi itself.
5. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

What? :

NFSM was launched in 2007-08 with a view to enhancing the production of rice, wheat, and pulses by 10 million tonnes, 8 million tonnes, and 2 million tonnes respectively by the end of the Eleventh Plan (viz. March 2012).
The Mission is being continued during 12th Five Year Plan with new targets of additional production of food grains of 25 million tons of food grains comprising of 10 million tons rice, 8 million tons of wheat, 4 million tons of pulses and 3 million tons of coarse cereals by the end of 12th Five Year Plan.
Objective & Key features :

The Mission aims to increase production through area expansion and productivity; create employment opportunities; and enhance the farm-level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore
confidence of farmers.
The approach is to bridge the yield gap in respect of these three crops through dissemination of improved technologies and farm management practices while focusing on districts which have high potential but relatively low level of productivity at present.
The NFSM has three components
(i) National Food Security Mission – Rice (NFSM-Rice);
(ii) National Food Security Mission – Wheat (NFSM-Wheat); and
(iii) National Food Security Mission – Pulses (NFSM Pulses).
6. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Background :

PMKSY has been conceived by amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.

Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR),
Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR), and
On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
Objective & Key features :

To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
expand cultivable area under assured irrigation,
improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per
drop),
enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
7. National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)

Objective :

NICRA is aimed at making the farmers self-reliant by use of climate resilient agricultural technologies and management of natural and manmade resources for sustaining agriculture in the era of climate change empowered by four modules of NICRA – natural resource management, improving soil health, crop production and livestock.

Key features :

To enhance the resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability and climate change through development and application of improved production and risk management technologies.
To demonstrate site specific technology packages on farmers’ fields for adapting to current climate risks.
To enhance the capacity of scientists and other stakeholders in climate resilient agricultural research and its application.
8. Small Farmer’s Agriculture-Business Consortium (SFAC)

Objective & Key features :

The Government established SFAC as a Society in 1994 to facilitate agri-business ventures by catalysing private investment through Venture Capital Assistance (VCA) Scheme in close association with financial institutions.
The role of State SFACs is to aggressively promote agribusiness project development in their respective States.
SFAC also promotes the farmer producer organisations (FPOs) and their integration in agriculture value chain.
9. Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK)

Objective & Key features :

KVK are agricultural extension centres created by ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research) and its affiliated institutions at district level to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector.
KVKs provide several farm support activities like providing technology dissemination to farmers,
training, awareness etc.
They play a vital role in conducting on farm testing to demonstrate location specific agricultural
technologies.
10. Mera Gaon – Mera Gaurav

Objective :

The “Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav” initiative has been conceptualised in which scientists of ICAR and
Agricultural Universities will identify villages in the vicinity of the Institutions for providing advisories
and consultations to farmers for increasing farm productivity and production.

11. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

Objective :

The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period,
by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and allied sectors (Fisheries Department,
Horticulture, Animal Husbandry etc.)

Key features :

To incentivise the states so as to increase public investment in Agriculture and allied sectors.
To provide flexibility and autonomy to states in the process of planning and executing Agriculture
and allied sector schemes.
To ensure the preparation of agriculture plans for the districts and the states based on agro climatic
conditions, availability of technology and natural resources.
To ensure that the local needs/crops/priorities are better reflected in the agricultural plans of the
states.
To achieve the goal of reducing the yield gaps in important crops, through focused interventions.
To maximise returns to the farmers in Agriculture and allied sectors.
To bring about quantifiable changes in the production and productivity of various components of
Agriculture and allied sectors by addressing them in a holistic manner.
12. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Unnat Krishi Shiksha Scheme

Objective :

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Scheme was launched in the year 2016 to promote agricultural education under which 100 centres are being opened with a fund of Rs.5.35 crore.

13. Rashtriya Gokul Mission

Objective :

Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched under the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and
Dairy Development (NPBBDD) programme for conservation and development of indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.
Under this mission, government plans to establish integrated cattle development centres
“Gokul Grams” to develop indigenous breeds including up to 40% nondescript breeds.
Key features :

To undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the
genetic makeup and increase the stock.
To enhance milk production and productivity of indigenous bovines.
To upgrade nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni,
Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.
To distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds for natural service.
14. Pashudhan Sanjivani

Objective :

It is an animal wellness programme; encompassing setting up of Emergency Help Lines, provision of Animal Health cards (‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’) along with UID identification and a National Data Base.

15. E- Pashudhan Haat Portal

Objective :

It is an e- market portal for bovine germplasm for connecting breeders and farmers of indigenous bovine breeds.

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