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Daily Current Affairs, 2nd December 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 2nd December 2018
1. Asia Pacific Summit-2018 begins in Kathmandu
The Asia Pacific Summit-2018 has started in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. The theme of two day Summit is "Addressing the Critical Challenges of Our Time: Interdependence, Mutual Prosperity, and Universal Values".
  • Nepal's Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli said to attain the goal of universal peace and harmony,  active partnership between governments, private sector and diverse social groups is necessary.
  • Former Prime Minister of India, H.D. Deve Gowda said that terrorism and climate change are the biggest challenges of today's world. He said terrorism makes no distinction between the borders, genders or religions and magnitude of the threat multiplies when terrorism is state sponsored.
2. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa to be chief guest at Republic Day celebrations 2019
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa will be the Chief Guest at the 2019 Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, at a time when India is celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, it is our honour to welcome President Ramaphosa as the Chief Guest for 2019 Republic day celebrations.
  • Mr Modi said, Mahatma Gandhi's close links with South Africa is well known. Mr Modi also said that Mr  Ramaphosa's visit will further cement business and people to people ties between India and South Africa.
3. President of India Inaugurates 13th Edition Of CII Agro Tech India – 2018
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the 13th edition of CII Agro Tech India-2018 (December 1, 2018) in Chandigarh.
  • The President said that through human history, agriculture has moved ahead with cross-fertilisation. It is the ideal stage for partnerships, and for mutual learning and sharing. Partnerships can be formed across sectors and across geographies.
  • Pointing to the issue of pollution due to stubble burning, the President said that the farmers of Punjab and Haryana are a matter of pride for our country. They have never shied away from a challenge and a responsibility to larger society. Today we are facing a problem related to disposal of crop residue and of safe and clean removal of husk or stubble.
4. FSSAI launches Heart Attack Rewind Campaign for elimination of industrially produced trans-fat
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) launched media campaign “Heart Attack Rewind”, calling for elimination of industrially produced trans-fat in the food supply.
  • It will support FSSAI’s global target of eliminating trans-fat in India by 2022, a year ahead of global target by World Health Organization (WHO). It is in line with FSSAI’s objective to get Freedom from ‘Trans Fat: India@75′.
  • Globally, trans-fat intake leads to more than 500,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease every year. Trans-fat are made by adding hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid and to increase shelf life of foods.
5. Government puts imports of gold dore in restricted category
Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) under Ministry of Commerce and Industry has put imports of gold dore in restricted category. This means, now, importer needs a license to import this commodity.
  • It is semi-pure alloy of gold and silver which is refined for further purification. Proportions of silver and gold can vary widely.
  • It usually created at site of a mine and then transported to refinery for further purification. Refined gold bars are manufactured from gold dore bar. India imports about 900 tonnes of gold year making it world’s second-biggest gold consumer after China.
6. Union Home Minister inaugurates Hornbill Festival in Kohima
The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh inaugurated the hugely popular Hornbill Festival 2018 in Kohima, coinciding with the Formation Day of Nagaland.
  • Hornbill Festival is a spectacular event showcasing the rich ancient culture and civilization of the people of Nagaland.
  • It powerfully demonstrates the cultural diversity and civilizational unity of the people.
  • Government of India has established the North Eastern Zonal Cultural Centre at Dimapur, Nagaland.
  • Nearly 50% of Nagaland population is below 25 years. It is they who will shape the future of India including the future of Nagaland.  We have to create conditions where their creative and entrepreneurial potential is unleashed to the optimum.
7. Union Environment Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan to Lead The Indian Delegation At COP-24
The 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will be held at Katowice, Poland from 2nd December 2018 to 14th December 2018. COP-24 is very significant as it is expected to finalise guidelines for implementation of the Paris Agreement adopted in 2016.
  • India strongly supports the objective of the Paris Agreement to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • India made a voluntary pledge in 2009 to reduce the emission intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 20-25 per cent from 2005 levels by 2020.
8. Carlsen retains World Chess Championship title
World number one Norwegian Magnus Carlsen has retained his World Chess Championship title, beating US opponent Fabiano Caruana in a tie-breaker event.
  • The Norwegian is ranked number one worldwide for fast-paced games, whereas Caruana is ranked at number 18.
9. Former US President George H .W. Bush passed away
Former US President George HW Bush has died at the age of 94 at home in Houston, Texas.
  • Bush served as the 41st US president between 1989 and 1993, his term defined by the end of the Cold War and the first Iraq war against Saddam Hussein.
  • Bush entered politics in 1964 after starting a Texan oil business and becoming a millionaire by the age of 40.

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