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Daily Current Affairs, 11th December 2018

1. International Anti-Corruption Day: December 9
International Anti-Corruption Day (IACD) is observed every year across world on December 9 to raise public awareness of corruption and what people can do to fight it.
  • Observance of this day aims to promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively. It also highlights role of United Nations Convention against Corruption in combating and preventing it.
  • International Anti-Corruption Day was instituted by UN General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 58/4 of October 31, 2003.
2. Major Ports register positive growth of 4.83%
The major ports in India have recorded a growth of 4.83% and together handled 461.21Million Tonnes of cargo during the period April to November, 2018 as against 439.96 Million Tonnes handled during the corresponding period of previous year.
  • For the period from April- November 2018, Nine Ports Kolkata (incl. Haldia), Paradip, Visakhapatnam, Kamarajar, Chennai, Cochin, New Mangalore, JNPT and Deendayal have registered positive growth in traffic.
  • The highest growth was registered by Kamarajar Port (20.15%), followed by Cochin (11.73%), Paradip (9.73%), Kolkata [inc. Haldia] (8.52%) and Deendayal( 7.37%).
3. India successfully test-fires Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile Agni-5
The indigenously built Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile Agni-5 has been test-fired successfully from Abdul Kalam island under Chandipur Interim Test Range.
  • This is the fourth successful test of this missile. Previously the test of  Agni 4 was unsuccessful.  Having 17 meters length and 2 meters diameter the missile can hit the target from a distance of 5 thousand kilometres.
  • It can carry both nuclear and traditional weapons. The first test was conducted in 2012 from  ITR Chandipur in Balasore district.
4. RBI Governor Urjit Patel resigns
Reserve Bank Governor Urjit Patel stepped down from his post citing personal reasons.
  • Dr. Patel succeeded Raghuram Rajan as the 24th Governor of RBI in September 2016. He had been appointed for a three-year term. 
  • He said it has been his privilege and honour to serve in the Reserve Bank of India in various capacities over the years.
5. Shi Yomi becomes 23rd district of Arunachal Pradesh
Shi Yomi formally became 23rd district of Arunachal Pradesh after it was inaugurated by Chief Minister Pema Khandu in presence of Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju.
  • It was created by bifurcating West Siang district with its headquarters at Tato. It will have four administrative units namely Mechuka, Tato, Pidi and Manigong.
  • Two more districts Pakke-Kesang and Lepa Rada will be formally inaugurated in the state within taking the total to 25.
  • In August 2018, Arunachal Pradesh Legislative assembly has passed Arunachal Pradesh Re-Organisation of Districts (Amendment) Bill, 2018 for creation of three new districts, Pakke-Kesang, Lepa Rada and Shi Yomi in the state.
6. Global Nutrition Report, 2018
India has the highest number of ‘stunted’ children in the world and nearly a third of all stunted children worldwide are to be found in India as per the recently released WHO’s Global Nutrition Report, 2018.
  • Stunting among children aged under five has fallen from 32.6 per cent in 2000 to 22.2 per cent in 2017.
  • The Global Nutrition Report is the world’s leading report on the state of global nutrition. The report is delivered by an Independent Expert Group and guided at a strategic level by a Stakeholder Group, whose members also review the Report.
7. 39th GCC summit and Riyadh declaration
The 39th session of the GCC summit was held recently in Riyadh. At the end of the summit, the council issued the ‘Riyadh Declaration’, which included 72 items covering matters related to the Gulf countries, the region and the world.
  • The 40th session of the GCC summit will be held in the UAE.
  • The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a political and economic alliance of six countries in the Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
  • Established in 1981, the GCC promotes economic, security, cultural and social cooperation between the six states and holds a summit every year to discuss cooperation and regional affairs.
8. Indian Railway employee conferred with prestigious Sahitya Akademi Award for his novel “Marom” in Santhali language
Shri Shyam Sundar Besra, Chief Inspector of Ticket working in Asansol Division of Eastern Railway has been conferred the coveted Sahitya Akademi Award.
  • He has been awarded for his novel “Marom” in Santhali language which is primarily based upon natural, social, economic and political conditions of Santhal Pargana.
  • The novel highlights the situation emerged after the two main industrial development of the Santhal area after Independence.

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